Love this – Wonder what they are doing now

Original Post –

Motorway Madness: ‘ravers take over motorway services’ (i-D, 1991)

Great article from i-D magazine, no. 91, April 1991 about post-club gatherings at Motorway service stations (click on images to enlarge):
‘3 AM, Saturday morning. The M6 is windy, wet and desolate. Its rvice stations offer comfort only to lorry drivers and sleepy executives. For many weeks, however, selected services have paid host to the coffee and communal smoke of hundreds of ravers post club comedown. After the semi legendary Blackburn parties, police continually harassed the convoys criss-crossing Lancashire and beyond. Although parties such as Revenge provided a brief replacement, the next best thing was driving long distance to a club and afterwards passing a few hours chilling at a service station. A network of clubs around the Midlands and Northwest, such as Legends in Warrington, Quadrant Park in Liverpool and Oz in Blackpool now provide the excitement and camaraderie of the raves of 1989 and 1990. Each club generates its own Service station mayhem; favourites including Burtonwood (M62), Charnock Richard (M6) and Anderton (M 61).
The usual M6 choice, Knutsford (with its commanding views of all six lanes from the cafe) has tonight been cordoned off by the police (the “dibble“) and so the hordes head south to Sandbach. Most are returning from Shelley’s Laserdome in Stoke. As the cafeteria fills up and the ghetto blasters rev up, the staff and the casual callers look bewildered, probably by the size of the bubble jackets as much as the weight of numbers.
In the jungle humidity of the club’s, the ubiquitous baggy T-shirt is the only garment which prevents fainting, but in the chillier atmosphere of the services, mountaineering gear and sportswear reign. The clothes are from Chipie, Gio Goi, Soviet and still Joe Bloggs; favourite jackets and thick, fleecy tops come from Tog 24 and Berghaus. The bobble hat, once the preserve of train spotters, is now sported  with pride and appears in a vast range of bobbles, colours and ear-flaps…
A similar situation goes off on Sunday morning at Charnock Richard. 300 cars, each full, descend on the service area. This has been happening since the north-west after hours raves diminished last autumn. However by Christmas the management and police got wise to the game and started shutting the coffee bar, leaving the car park as the congregation area…’
‘Phoebe 16, music journalist from Derby, clothes from Stussy and Guy’s in Derby. Maddest thing you’ve ever done? ‘Had the best night of my life at Shelleys and then got stuck in Stoke’

The Orbit Leeds Aural Float

We had a great email this week from the mighty Aural Float about our Orbit posts.

Sent us some flyers, some of which we hadn’t seen before, especially the ones from London.  Great to know that a 6 year old post is still doign the business on Google. Respect to the Orbit crew, and Aural Float


Unbelievable old skool sample spotting


“300 original samples chopped up, pitched up, juxtaposed, generally fucked about with and repurposed into an extended tribute to the soundtrack of my youth”

Selectabwoy Intro
Paris – Brutal [Tommy Boy] (loop)
> Excerpts from ‘The Sopranos’
> Aceyalone – Accepted Eclectic [Ground Control]
> Public Enemy – Caught, Can We Get A Witness? [Def Jam]
> Excerpt from DJ Riz – In The Mix (1997)
> Public Enemy – Bring The Noise (acapella) [Def Jam]
> Public Enemy – Shut ’em Down (acapella) [Def Jam]
> Sample from ‘Jaws: The Revenge’ trailer (1987)’
> Scientist Vs Prince Jammy – Big Showdown Round 7 [Greensleeves]
> Ice-T – Intro/Rhyme Pays [Sire]
> Rebel MC Featuring Little T – Rich Ah Getting Richer [Tribal Bass]
KC & The Sunshine Band – Let It Go (Part 2) [T.K.] (loop)
> Hardnoise – Untitled (Instrumental) [Music Of Life]
> Eric B & Rakim – Let The Rhythm Hit ‘Em [MCA]
> Shut Up & Dance – Because Of My Vocals [Shut Up & Dance]
> Jamaica Meantime Featuring D.J. Maxi Jazz – Rock To Dis (House Mix) [Tam Tam]
> Home T, Cocoa Tea & Cutty Ranks – The Going Is Rough [Greensleeves]
> Beastie Boys – Ch-Check It Out [Capitol]
> MC Duke – I’m Riffin’ (Acapella) [Music Of Life]
> Caveman – Back To Cause Mayhem [Profile]
> Rebel MC feat. Tenor Fly and Barrington Levy – Tribal Base [Tribal Bass]
> Word Of Mouth – Coast To Coast [Profile]
> Rebel MC – Comin’ On Strong [Tribal Bass]
> The Temptations – Psychedelic Shack [Gordy]
> Hijack – The Contract [Rhyme $yndicate]
> The Blapps Posse – Don’t Hold Back ’91 (Re-EQed) [Tribal Bass]
> Eric B & Rakim – I Know You Got Soul (acapella) [4th & Broadway]
> The Shamen – Hyperreal Selector [One Little Indian]
> Kool G Rap & Polo – Poison [Cold Chillin’]
> Stetsasonic – DBC Let The Music Play (Another Country Heard From acapella) [Tommy Boy]
> Deltron 3030 – The Assman 640 Speaks [75 Ark]

Shut Up And Dance (1990-1992)
Terence Trent D’Arby – As Yet Untitled [CBS]
Angelo Badalamenti – Laura Palmer’s Theme (Instrumental) (Twin Peaks OST) [Warner Bros]
> Jocelyn Brown – Love’s Gonna Get You (acapella) [Warner Bros]
> Shut Up & Dance – The Art Of Moving Butts (Remix) [Shut Up & Dance]
> Tones On Tails – Go! [Beggars Banquet]
Digital Underground – Humpty Dance (Humpstrumental) [Tommy Boy] (loop)
> The Winstons – Amen, Brother [Metromedia] (loop)
BFC – Galaxy [Planet E]
Duran Duran – The Reflex [EMI] (loop)
Mantronix – Listen to the Bass Of Get Stupid Fresh [Traffic] (loop)
Rhythim Is Rhythim – Kaos [Transmat] (loop)
> Art Of Noise – Nothing Was Going To Stop Them Anyway [Chrysalis]
> PSI Division – Brainbomb [Hardware] (loop)
Turntable Terror – Scream [Mid-Town Records]
> Cheryl Lynn – Encore [Columbia]
Ryuichi Sakamoto – Rain (I Want A Divorce) [Virgin America]
Run DMC – I Ain’t Goin’ Out Like That [Profile] (loop)
Leftfield – Not Forgotten [Outer Rhythm]
> Tight Fit – The Lion Sleeps Tonight [Jive] (loop)
> Duran Duran – Save A Prayer [EMI]
Kate Bush – Wow [EMI] (intro/loop)
> Boogie Down Productions – Exhibit E [Jive]
Run DMC – I Ain’t Goin’ Out Like That [Profile] (alternate loop)
> Art Of Noise – Ode to Don José [Chrysalis]
Intelligent Hoodlum – Arrest The President [Nature Sounds] (loop)
> BFC – Galaxy [Planet E] (repitched loop)
> Ragga Twins – Spliffhead [Shut Up & Dance]
In Crowd – We Play Reggae [Cactus]
Black Uhuru – Shine Eye Gal [Taxi]
Todd Terry Presents Sax – This Will Be Mine [Freeze] (loop)
Genaside II – Narra Mine (Original Mix) [Hardcore Urban Music]

The Prodigy (1991-1993)
> James Brown & Full Force – Godfather Runnin’ The Joint [Polydor] (loop)
T La Rock – Breakin’ Bells [Fresh Records] (loop)
Charley Says – ‘Mummy Should Know’ Infomercial (1973)
> Daddy Freddy Live / MC Duke Freestyle (1989) [Music Of Life]
T La Rock – Breakin’ Bells [Fresh Records]
Kate Bush – Hello Earth (intro) [EMI]
Captain Rock – The Return of Captain Rock [NIA]
> Public Enemy – Lost At Birth [Def Jam]
Ultramagnetic MCs – Critical Beatdown [Next Plateau] (loop)
DJ Mink – Hey! Hey! Can You Relate [Warp]
> The Crazy World of Arthur Brown – Fire [Polydor]
> Daddy Freddy – Hustlers Convention (1989) [Music Of Life]
Pablo Gad – Hard Times (When I Was a Youth) [His Majesty]
> ForceMassMotion – Panic [Rabbit City]
> Musical Youth – Pass The Dutchie [MCA]
> Ultramagnetic MCs – Critical Beatdown [Next Plateau]
Max Romeo – I Chase The Devil [Charmax]

Criminal Minds Interlude
Prince Far-I – Every Time I Hear The Word [Trojan]
> Public Enemy – Hazy Shade Of Criminal (acapella) [Def Jam]
Bobby Byrd – Hot Pants (Bonus Beats) [Brownstone] (loop)
> Jamaica Meantime Featuring D.J. Maxi Jazz – Rock To Dis (House Mix) [Tam Tam]
Run DMC – Run’s House [Profile] (loop)
Lion Youth – Rat Cut a Bottle [Virgo]
> MC Duke – I’m Riffin’ (Acapella) [Music Of Life]
> Bizarre Inc – Playing With Knives [Vinyl Solution] (loop)
> Blind Truth – Why Can’t We See (Tatapella) [Minimal]

Kaotic Chemistry/2 Bad Mice (1991-1992)
Katch 22 – Ghetto Child [Kold Sweat] (intro)
The Family Stand – Ghetto Heaven (Soul II Soul Remix) [Atlantic]
Beastie Boys – Car Thief [Capitol]
> Martika – Love… Thy Will Be Done (Prince Mix) [Columbia] (loop)
> ‘The Tale Of Two Bad Mice’ – Beatrix Potter Audiobook (1971) [Music For Pleasure]
> Catch 22 – Boogie Down (Do It) [Ace]
> 101 – Rock To The Beat [Speed Records]
> Success n’ Effect – Roll It Up (Bass Kickin’ Beats) [On Top Records]
Queen Latifah & KRS-One – Evil That Men Do [Tommy Boy] (loop)
> Cold Crush Brothers – Feel The Horns [Westside]
> Jomanda – Don’t You Want My Love [Big Beat]
Kid ‘n’ Play – Gittin’ Funky (UK Remix) [Cooltempo] (loop)
SL Troopers – Movement [Music Of Life] (loop)
> Latee – This Cut’s Got Flavour [Wild Pitch] (loop)
Lyn Collins – Think (About It) [Polydor] (retriggered loop)
The Vibrettes – Humpty Dump [Lujon] (loop)
Paris – Break The Grip Of Shame [Scarface] (loop)
> Jungle Brothers – I’ll House You (Houseapella) [Gee Street]
> The Emotions – I Don’t Wanna Lose Your Love [Columbia] (loop)
Katch 22 – Service With A Smile [Kold Sweat] (loop)
> Kariya – Let Me Love You (Rebuilt) [Not On Label] (loop)
> Demon Boyz – Roughneck Business – Hustlers Convention Live 1989 [Music Of Life]
Kariya – Let Me Love You (Rebuilt) [Not On Label]
Neon – Don’t Mess With This Beat [Target]
DJ Trace – Inception [Orbital] (loop)
Graham Central Station – The Jam [Warner Bros]

Darkness Interlude
The Temptations – Psychedelic Shack [Gordy]
Simon and Garfunkel – The Sound Of Silence [Columbia]
Mantronix – King Of The Beats [Simply Vinyl] (loop)
> Hashim – Primrose Path [Cutting Records]
> Innocence – Natural Thing [Cooltempo]

Close Your Eyes (1991)
The Doors – A Little Game (Live Version) [Elektra]
LL Cool J – Mama Said Knock You Out [Def Jam]
> Public Enemy – Can’t Truss It [Def Jam]
> Think – Once You Understand (outro) [Laurie]
> N.W.A. – Alwayz Into Somethin’ [4th & Broadway]
> The House Crew – All We Wanna Do (Is Dance) [Production House]
Queen Latifah & KRS-One – Evil That Men Do [Tommy Boy] (loop)
Moby – Go (Woodtick Mix) [Outer Rhythm] (retriggered loop)
> The Doors – A Little Game (Live Version) [Elektra] (various loops)
The Winstons – Amen, Brother [Metromedia] (loop)
> A Guy Called Gerald – Voodoo Ray [Rham!] (looped kick)
> James Brown – Funky Drummer [King]
S’Express – Blow Me Another Lollypop [Rhythm King] (loop)
> Air Force One – See The Light/Feel The Heat [Streetwise]
> 101 – Rock To The Beat [Speed Records]
> LL Cool J – Mama Said Knock You Out [Def Jam]
The Beatles – Here Comes The Sun (Live Version) [Parlophone]
> James Brown – Funky Drummer [King] (loop)

Suburban Base (1992-1993)
Excerpt from Spiderman – ‘The Bells of Doom’ [Power Records]
Salt n Pepa – Spinderella’s Not A Fella [Next Plateau]
> QBass feat. Skeng Gee – Gun Connection (M-Beat Remix) [Suburban Base]
War – Heartbeat [United Artists]
> Ultramagnetic MCs – Poppa Large [Mercury]
Young MC – Know How [Delicious Vinyl]
Depeche Mode – Blasphemous Rumours [Mute]
> NWA – Something 2 Dance 2 [Ruthless]
Club House – I’m Falling Too [Atlantic]
> Rebel MC – The Wickedest Sound [Wickedest Sound]
> Public Enemy – Anti-N*gger Machine [Def Jam]
NV – Let Me Do You [Sire]
Billy Clark & Lucille Brown – Both Eyes Open [Dynamo] (loop)
> Kool G Rap & Polo – Poison [Cold Chillin’]
> Stetsasonic – DBC Let The Music Play (Another Country Heard From acapella) [Tommy Boy]
Scottie & Lourna Bennett – Skank In Bed [Blue Mountain]
Scientist – Dangerous Match 1 [Greensleeves]
> East Side Beat – Divin’ In The Beat (acapella) [Whole Records]
King Tubby – Tan Good Dub [Firehouse]
Little John – Rub A Dub One [Redman International]
> Ike Turner – Funky Mule [DJM] (loop)
Lazer Worshippers – Lazer Worshippers Theme [EXperimental]
> Aisha – The Creator [Ariwa]
Ice-T – Ain’t a Damn Thing Changed [Rhyme $yndicate]

Hardcore Interlude
Paris – Brutal [Tommy Boy] (sample/loop)
> Excerpt from ‘Full Metal Jacket’ (1987)
Terminator X – Vendetta… The Big Getback [Columbia]

Reinforced (1990-1993)
Dialogue from ‘All Junglists – A London Someting Dis’ (1994)
Talking Heads – Once In A Lifetime [EMI]
B.B. & Q Band – (I’m a) Dreamer [Elektra]
All The People – Cramp Your Style [Blue Candle] (loop)
Think – Once You Understand (outro) [Laurie]
Extra T’s – E.T. Boogie [Sunnyview] (loop)
Isley Bros – Get Into Something [T-Neck] (loop)
Sly and the Family Stone – Love City [Epic] (loop)
Tommy Roe – Sweet Pea [ABC] (loop)
Lyn Collins – Think (About It) [Polydor] (loop)
Sterling Void – Don’t Wanna Go [D.J. International] (loop)
> Extortion feat. Dihan Brooks – How Do You See Me Now? (Joey Negro Remix) [Boy’s Own] (loop)
Meat Beat Manifesto – Helter Skelter [Play It Again Sam] (loop)
Excerpts from ‘Fist of the North Star’ (1986)
Photon Inc – Generate Power (Club Instrumental) [Strictly Rhythm] (various loops)
> Boogie Down Productions – Necessary [Jive]
Jamalski – Jump, Spread Out [Columbia] (loop)
James Brown – Jabo [Polydor] (loop)
Mantronix – King Of The Beats [Capitol] (loop)
> Jocelyn Brown – Love’s Gonna Get You (Acapella) [Warner Bros]
> Photon Inc – Generate Power (Acapella) [Strictly Rhythm]
Alisha Warren – Touch Me [RCA]
Introsik – Heavy Atmosphere [DiKi]
Smart Systems – Tingler [Jumpin’ and Pumpin’]
Atomix and Rebel Yell – Back to the Future [Perception]
Shades of Rhythm – Homicide [ZTT]
> Coldcut feat. Lisa Stansfield – People Hold On (Acapella) [Big Life]
Talking Heads – Warning Sign [EMI]
Adamski & Transformer 2 – Sleeping With an Angel (A-Mix) [Deep Distraxion]
Brian Eno – Sparrowfall (iii) [EG] (original track; repitched loops)
> Loleatta Holloway – Love Sensation (acapella) [Gold Mind]
> Public Enemy – Rebel Without a Pause [Def Jam]
> The Winstons – Amen, Brother [Metromedia] (loop)
Ten City – Devotion (Voice Of Paradise Mix) [Atlantic] (loop)
> Eric B. & Rakim – I Know You Got Soul (Acapella) [4th & Broadway]
> Excerpt from Richard Pryor interview – Wattstax documentary (1973)
Rat-Trap – Spiritual Combat [R&S] (loop)
Brian Eno – Final Sunset [EG] (original track; repitched loops)
NWA – Express Yourself [Ruthless] (intro/loop)
> History feat. Q-Tee – Afrika [SBK]
Excerpt from Space Ghost and Dino Boy – ‘Iceman’ Episode
Tommy Roe – Sweet Pea [ABC] (retriggered loop)
> Don Maclean – American Pie (live version) [United Artists]
Run DMC – King Of Rock [Profile]
Excerpt from ‘The Outer Limits’ Theme
Mystique – Fire (Joey Negro Remix) [Cue] (repitched loops)
> Various samples from ‘The Terminator’ (1984)
Fresh 4 – Smoke Filled Thoughts [10 Records] (pitch-shifted loops)
Starpoint – You’re My Sunny Day [Chocolate City]

Crazy Bad Boy Interlude
Tenor Saw – Bad Bwoy [SKD]
The Committee – A Little Like This [Big Daddy] (loop)
> Cutty Ranks – The Stopper (Main Attraction Remix) [Profile]
> Roni Size & Krust – Selektor Bwoy (Roni’s Mix) [Dope Dragon]

Formation/Moving Shadow (1993)
Madness – One Step Beyond [Stiff Records]
DJ Edge – Compnded [Edge]
> The Committee – A Little Like This [Big Daddy] (loop)
Hyper-On Experience – Thunder Grip [Moving Shadow]
> Excerpt from ‘The Fly II’ trailer (1989)
Dr. Baker – Kaos [Desire] (loop)
Blowfly – Sesame Street [Weird World] (loop)
> Jungle Brothers – On The Run [Idlers]
Kleeer – Open Your Mind [Atlantic] (loop)
> The Winstons – Amen, Brother [Metromedia] (loop)
Sahara – Love So Fine [Elite]
Rat-Trap – Spiritual Combat [R&S]
> Eleanore Mills – Mr. Right [Vinylmania]
Demon Boyz – Dett [Tribal Bass] (loop)
The Jason Load Experience feat. Iyona – Mainline ’90 (acapella) [Quark]
> The D.O.C. – Whirlwind Pyramid [Ruthless] (loop)
> Black Heat – Love The Life You Live [Atlantic] (loop)
> Gunshot – Battle Creek Brawl [Vinyl Solution] (loop)

Someday (1992-1993)
Ce Ce Rogers – Someday (Accainstrumental) [Atlantic]
Kool D with Technolo-G – Go To Work [Wild Pitch] (loop)
Eric B & Rakim – Let The Rhythm Hit ‘Em [MCA] (loop)
Run DMC – Run’s House [Profile] (loop)
Shades Of Rhythm – Sweet Sensation [ZTT]
Headhunters – God Made Me Funky [Arista]
> Kicksquad – Soundclash (Champion Sound) [Kickin]
> The Prodigy – Charly (Alley Cat Mix) [XL]
> The D.O.C. – Whirlwind Pyramid [Ruthless]
MC Duke – I’m Riffin’ (Instrumental) [Music Of Life] (loop)
> MC Duke – I’m Riffin’ (Acapella) [Music Of Life]
> Spectrum – Brazil [R&S]
Shadows J – Hip This House (The Leon Lee Special) [Quark] (loop)

NRG/Liquid Crystal (1993)
Ice-T – Intro/Rhyme Pays [Sire]
Sir Mix-a-Lot – Square Dance Rap (Live at UK Fresh ‘86) [Street Sounds]
The Shamen – Hyperreal Selector [One Little Indian]
> Eric B & Rakim – Paid In Full (Seven Minutes Of Madness – The Coldcut Remix) [4th & Broadway]
> Deadly D – Listen Dis (Remix) [Flex]
> Excerpt from DJ Riz – In The Mix (1997)
> Public Enemy – Lost At Birth [Def Jam]
> Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince – He’s The DJ, I’m The Rapper [Jive]
> Freestyle Orchestra – Keep On (Pumpin’ It Up) (acapella) [SBK One]
Public Enemy – Megablast [Def Jam]
> Concept 2 – Critical Level [Liftin’ Spirits]
Asha – J.J. Tribute[Beat Club]
> The Jason Load Experience ft. Lyona – Mainline ’90 (acapella) [Quark]
> Ice-T – Intro/Rhyme Pays [Sire]
The Shamen – Hyperreal Selector [One Little Indian] (loop)
Ziggy Marley – What’s True [Virgin]
> Lyn Collins – We Want to Parrty, Parrty, Parrty [People]
The Korgis – Everybody’s Got To Learn Sometime [Rialto]
Meat Beat Manifesto – Helter Skelter [Play It Again Sam] (loop)
Meat Beat Manifesto – Radio Babylon [Play It Again Sam] (loop)

Trip To The Moon Finale (1992)
The Real Roxanne/Howie T – Bang Zoom Let’s Go-Go [Cooltempo]
> Roni Size & Krust – Selektor Bwoy (Roni’s Mix) [Dope Dragon]
> Ice-T – Intro/Rhyme Pays [Sire]
> Ultramagnetic MCs – A Chorus Line [Next Plateau]
John Barry – Space March (Capsule In Space) – ‘You Only Live Twice’ OST (1967)
> LTJ Bukem – Cold Fresh Air Intro (Fantazia Takes You Into The Jungle – 1994) [Fantazia]
Dick Mills – ‘Respirator Room Background – ‘Warriors’ Gate’ (1981) [BBC sFX] (loop)
> Eric B & Rakim – I Know You Got Soul (acapella) [4th & Broadway]
> Tongue n’ Cheek – Nobody (Can Love Me) (acapella) [Criminal]
> Addis Posse – Let The Warriors Dance (Warrior Workout Mix) [Warriors Dance] (loop/retriggered)
> Prince – For You [Warner Bros]
Shirley Bassey – Diamonds Are Forever – ‘Diamonds Are Forever’ OST (1961)
> Shirley Bassey – Diamonds Are Forever – ‘Diamonds Are Forever’ OST (1961) (pitched up loop)
> Jill Jones – Intro (Baby You’re A Trip) / Mia Bocca [Paisley Park]
> Catch 22 – Boogie Down (Do It) [Ace]
Hardnoise – Untitled (Instrumental) [Music Of Life] (loop/retriggered)
> The House Crew ft. MC Juice – All We Wanna Do Is Dance (Adamski Vocopella) [Production House]
> Prince – Tick, Tick Bang [Warner Bros]
> Ennio Morricone – Chi Mai – Theme from the TV series The Life and Times of David Lloyd George [BBC] (loop)
>The Real Roxanne/Howie T – Bang Zoom Let’s Go-Go [Cooltempo]
James Brown – Funky Drummer [King] (retriggered loop)
> Public Enemy – Welcome To The Terrordome [Def Jam]
> Acen – Life and Crimes Of A Ruffneck [Production House] (broke my own rules but I had to have the Ruffneck sample)
> Ultramagnetic MCs – A Chorus Line [Next Plateau]
> LL Cool J – Why Do You Think They Call It Dope? [Def Jam]
The Rolling Stones – She’s a Rainbow [Decca] (cut up/looped/repitched)
> Daddy Freddy – Live Freestyle – Hustlers Convention Live 1989 [Music Of Life]
> J.F. & E – Mystery 159 [Robert Maxwell Records] (loop/retriggered)
> Tongue n’ Cheek – Nobody (Can Love Me) (acapella) [Criminal]
Johnny Hammond – Soul Talk [Prestige] (loop)
> Uptown – Dope On Plastic [Tommy Boy]
> Future Sound Of London – Papua New Guinea [Jumpin’ and Pumpin’]
> The Doors – A Little Game (Live Version) [Elektra]
80 Aum – Mindcontroller [80 Aum] (retriggered/panned loop)
> Nancy Sinatra – You Only Live Twice – ‘You Only Live Twice’ OST (1967) (loop)
> Eric B & Rakim – Let The Rhythm Hit ‘Em [MCA] (loop)
Eric B & Rakim – Let The Rhythm Hit ‘Em [MCA] (loop)
> Fu-Schnickens – Bebo [Jive]
> Jamaica Girls – On The Move (Acapella) [Sire]
> The Art Of Noise ?– Instruments Of Darkness (All Of Us Are One People) (The Prodigy Mix) [China] (loop)
> Prince – Alphabet St. (This Is Not Music, This Is A Trip) [Warner Bros]
> Tongue n’ Cheek – Nobody (Can Love Me) (acapella) [Criminal]
Johnny Hammond – Soul Talk [Prestige] (loop)
> Dialogue from ‘You Only Live Twice’ (1967)
Nancy Sinatra – You Only Live Twice – ‘You Only Live Twice’ OST (1967)

1992 hardcore

The Wire 300: Simon Reynolds on the Hardcore Continuum #1: Hardcore Rave (1992)

original post here –

Written by the man behind Energy Flash – which you should definitely get a copy of 

Originally published as “Technical Ecstasy” in The Wire #105 November 1992.

“See my face, not a trace, no reality/… I just speed/It’s all I need” – Johnny Rotten/Sex Pistols, “Seventeen”, 1977

“Rush your fuckin’ bollocks off” – MC Scallywag/Spiral Tribe, “Doet” , 1992

“Too much speed is comparable to too much light… we see nothing” – Paul Virilio, Pure War

The Aesthetic Of Disappearance

When British youth first encountered the term Acid House they misconstrued it. In Chicago, acid came from ‘acid burn’, slang for ripping off someone’s idea (by sampling it). But in Britain, it was assumed that ‘acid’ meant psychedelics. So acid house became the soundtrack to the Ecstasy rave-olution, and another classic example of British youth misrecognising and remotivating a black American music. Hardcore Techno has reversed the drugs/music nexus: after four years of rave culture, the music has evolved into a science of inducing and amplifying the E rush. The vibe has changed (from trance-dance to mental-manic) as Ecstasy has become adulterated with amphetamine, or replaced by pseudo-E concoctions of speed, LSD and God knows what. Chemicals have directly altered the subculture’s metabolism, with the beats per minute (last count: 140-150 bpm) soaring in sync with pulse rates and blood pressure levels.

E and LSD activate the fight or flight sector of the brain. In combination with amphetamine, the result is an edgy exhilaration on the borderline of panic reaction: “are you feeling w-w-w-wobbly???”, Xenophobia’s “The Wobbler” enquires rhetorically. Ardkore is just another form of fin de siecle ‘panic culture’: hence the frequent samples of sirens, the ambuscades of sound, the MC chant “comin’ at ya!”. There’s even a track titled “Start The Panic”. But then in Greek, panic’s original meaning was a transport of ecstasy. Speedy E has changed the whole vibe of rave culture, from celebration to a sort of aggressive euphoria. The urge to merge and the urge to surge fuse in a raging oceanic feeling. Dancers’ faces are contorted with weird expressions midway between a snarl and a smile, or glare with a crazed, blazing impudence.

It’s the most brazenly druggy subculture in eons, even less coded than acieed. Pirate DJs send out a big shout to “all you nutters rushing out of your heads, speedfreaks out there, you know the score” or holler ”yes London town, absolutely flying in the studio, 100 mph”. Are drugs essential to get into this music, as Ardkore’s detractors claim? Well, they certainly help hype your metabolism to the necessary frenetic pitch. But once your nervous system has been re-programmed, you can listen to this stuff ‘on the natural’. On its own, it’ll induce memory rushes, body-flashbacks.

Speed has mutated (some say, perverted) rave music’s development, unbalancing it at both the top and bottom ends of the sound-spectrum. Ardkore is all ultra-shrill treble and bowel-quaking bass. Voices are sped up to a 78 rpm, Pinky & Perky shriek, whether they’re samples of ethereal girls like Kate Bush, Lisa Gerrard, Liz Cocteau or Stevie Nicks, or helium-ised eruptions of black voice. Closer to fireworks than ‘soul’, these vocals have been hurtled beyond expression into the realm of abstract urgency, outside the syntax of desire. Sampled and modulated on a keyboard, they become a barrage of intensities without pretext or context, shudders and shivers that are not so much inhuman as infra-human. Incantations from roots reggae are snatched from their cultural context to become animated hieroglyphs. Ragga chants add a grainy insolence that’s perfect for Ardkore’s ruff and tuff uproar. Dub bass impacts your viscera, its alien metre placed outrageously amid accelerated hip hop breakbeats at twice reggae’s pace. Having ‘swallowed hiphop whole’, Ardkore’s syncopation is a radical break with the programmed machine rhythms of early UK Techno. The electronic side of Techno has degenerated into stray smears of acieed bass, pulsation-loops derived from Joey Beltram’s “Energy Flash” and “Mentasm”, fucked up concatenations of blaring samples, and octave-skipping synth riffs whose function is not melodic but textural. And of course, the sheer speed of their oscillation accentuates the sense of headlong RUSH.

At raves and clubs, or on pirate stations (like Touchdown 94.1 FM, Defection, Pulse, Rush), DJs compact rough and ready chunks of tracks into a relentless but far from seamless inter-textual tapestry of scissions and grafts. It’s a gabbling fucking mess, barely music, but as it swarms out the airwaves to a largely proletarian audience, you know you’re living in the future. ‘Trash’, but I luvvit.

It’s a mistake to appraise Ardkore in terms of individual tracks, because this music only really takes effect as total flow. Its meta-music pulse is closer to electricity than anything else. Ardkore has abandoned the remnants of the verse-chorus structure retained by commercial rave music. At the Castlemorton Common mega-rave in May, MCs chanted “we’ve lost the plot”. Ardcore abolishes narrative: instead of tension/climax/release, it offers a thousand plateaux of crescendo, an endless successions of NOWs. It’s an apocalyptic now, for sure: Ardkore fits only too well the model of terminal culture that Paul Virilio prophesies in The Aesthetics Of Disappearance: “a switch from the extensive time of history to the intensive time of momentariness without history”. This emergent anti-culture of instantaneity will be inhabited by a new breed of schizophrenic subject, whose ego is “made up of a series of little deaths and partial identities”.

No narrative, no destination: Ardkore is an intransitive acceleration, an intensity without object. That’s why the MC patter sounds more appropriate for a rollercoaster than music – “hold tight”, “let’s go”, “hold it down” – and why Techno is all you’ll hear at fairgrounds these days. Does this disappearance of the object of desire, this intransitive intensity, make Ardkore a culture of autistic bliss? Certainly, sex as the central metaphor of dancing seems remoter than ever. Rave dancing doesn’t bump and grind from the hip; it’s abandoned the model of genital sexuality altogether for a kind of polymorphous perverse frenzy. It’s a dance of tics and twitches, jerks and spasms, the agitation of a body broken down into individual components, then re-integrated at the level of the entire dancefloor. Each sub-individual part (a limb, a hand cocked like a pistol) is a cog in a collective desiring machine. Which is why dancers so readily pick up moves from each other. The dancefloor’s like a primal DNA soup. It’s pagan too, this digital Dionysian derangement whose goal is to find asylum in MADNESS. (Hence the slang of “mental” and “nutty”, sound systems with names like Bedlam, groups with names like Lunarci, MCs chanting “off my fucking tree” – pejoratives turned into desirable states of mindlessness).
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It’s emotionally regressive too (as all the musically progressive genres of the last decade – rap, oceanic rock, Noise – have been): hence the infantilism of ravers sucking on dummies, or bubblegum chart hits like “A Trip To Trumpton”, “Sesame’s Treet”, The Prodigy’s “Charly”. But then Virilio reminds us that “child-society frequently utilises turnings, spinning around, disequilibrium. It looks for sensations of vertigo and disorder as sources of pleasure”. He cites Jacques-Henri Lartigue’s childhood game of spinning round and round, in order to create “a dizziness that reduced [the] environment to a sort of luminous chaos”.

Virilio’s book is a jeremiad about an emergent culture based around ‘picnolepsy’, his term for frequent, incredibly brief ruptures in consciousness. ‘Picnolepsy’ is a take on epilepsy, which Webster’s defines as a disorder “marked by disturbed electrical rhythms of the central nervous system and typically manifested by convulsive attacks usually with clouding of consciousness [my italics]”. Epilepsy was a sacred malady for the Greeks. Ardkore is poised somewhere on the brink between picnolepsy and epilepsy. We all know how strobes (the staple of rave lightshows) can cause convulsions. Ardkore is the aural analogue of a strobe, a sequence of frozen stop-gap soundbites that have been artificially re-animated with E-lectricity.

Virilio could be writing about the rave scene in 1992: “with the irregularity of the epileptic space, defined by surprise and an unpredictable variation of frequencies, it’s no longer a matter of tension or attention, but of suspension pure and simple (by acceleration), disappearance and effective reappearance of the real, departure from duration”. This is the feeling that The KLF caught with the title (if not the sound) of “3 AM Eternal”. Speed reproduces the effects of picnolepsy, a “perpetually repeated hijacking of the subject from any spatial-temporal context”. You’re gone, totally out of it. And there’s more: a warning sign for epileptics of an imminent attack was “a special state of happiness, a juvenile exhilaration”. “Sublime”, wrote Dostoevsky, a sufferer, “for that moment you’d give your whole life… At that moment I understood the meaning of that singular expression: there will no longer be time”.

This juvenile ‘nihilism’ is the reason why Ardkore perturbs so many. This music is best understood as a neurological, not cultural phenomenon. It abolishes the role of cultural mediators. Textless, it offers little to interpret in itself (its subcultural ‘text’ resides in its effects). Critics who like to deal with rock ‘n’ roll as a surrogate form of literature are the most threatened by this anti-humanist noise, which is closer to a power source or intoxicant than poetry. But Ardcore also challenges those who’ve seized on the more musicianly participants in rave music to argue the case for House and Techno as art forms. There is a prejudice against one-dimensional music. It’s both amazing and amusing to see how exactly the same rhetoric used by detractors of Fifties rock ‘n’ roll, recurs as a knee-jerk tic amongst rock fans when they’re faced by a new ‘barbaric’ ‘non-music’. Along with the racist notion of ‘jungle music’ (by happy coincidence, one of Ardcore’s big sub-genres this year was ‘Jungle’), one of the things most feared about rock ‘n’ roll was its extreme repetitiveness. Which is exactly what the anti-Ardkore enclaves bemoan. Repetition is a psychoactive agent in itself, of course. Anyway, to those who insist that Ardcore “just isn’t music”, I won’t argue. I couldn’t care less. But I do know that every new development in pop – from punk to rap to acid House – has initially been greeted with such spasms of fear and loathing.

The New Heavy Metal

In the late 1960s and early 70s, British groups bastardised the blues, and their American imitators bastardised their bastardisation, and between them they spawned Heavy Metal. In the late Eighties, black Europhiles from Chicago and Detroit took Teutonic electronic music and turned it into acid House and Techno; in the early Nineties, British youth took these styles and birthed a mutant, bastard form called Ardkore. Veterans of 1988’s First Wave of Rave denounce Ardkore in exactly the same language that counter culture vets decried Metal – as soulless, macho, bombastic, proto-fascist, a corrupt and degraded version of a once noble tradition. They’ve even called Ardkore “the new Heavy Metal”. With the same piety that people once harked back to Cream and deplored Sabbath and Led Zep, similarly, rave cognoscenti mourn Derrick May and flinch from the brutalism of Beltram and 2 Bad Mice. In an unfortunate echo of Prog rock, some have even erected the concept of ‘progressive House’ (The Future Sound Of London, The Orb, Guerilla Records) as a bulwark of good taste against the hooligan hordes of Ardkore. Well, history shows us that the despised Black Sabbath subsequently went on to be perhaps the biggest influence on alternative rock in the Eighties and Nineties (from Black Flag through Butthole Surfers to Seattle grunge), while Jethro Tull, ELP and Pink Floyd went on to influence practically nobody.

‘Maturation’ was always only one possible route of development for the music of the post-acieed diaspora. Like Heavy Metal did with blues rock, Ardkore has taken the essence of Acid House and Techno – mindless repetition, stroboscopic synths, bass-quake frequencies – and coarsened and intensified it. As with Metal, bad drugs (barbiturates then, dodgy E now) have helped them focus on that essence. To an extent, Ardkore does present a spectacle of degraded avant-gardism, of arrested futurism: headless chickens running wild with avant-garde techniques (timbral/textural/spatial invention rather than melodic/harmonic development, drone theory, extreme repetition/extreme randomness, musique concrete etc) but not really knowing how to build with them. But Ardkore advances not through the innovations of auteurs, but rather evolves through mutation: inspired errors and random fucking about produce new riffs and noises that succeed in the dancefloor ecosystem and then enter the gene pool. Which explains why, whenever someone does come up with a new idea, it’s ripped off a thousand times. Anyway, I wager that those looking for the next revolution would do better to watch for what crawls out of the Ardkore morass than to carry a torch for Detroit, LFO or Orbital (as inspired as they’ve all been in their day).

The Politics Of Disappearance

Ardkore is really just the latest twist on the traditional contours of working class leisure, the latest variant on the sulphate-fuelled 60 Hour Weekend of mod and Northern Soul lore. With Ardkore, the proletarian culture of consolation has become a culture of concussion: hence amnesiac/anaesthetic slang terms for a desirable state of oblivion such as “sledged” (as in “sledge hammered”), “mashed up”, “cabbaged”, “monged”, and song titles like “Blackout” and “Hypnoblast”.

There’s a sampled slice of rap at large in Ardkore that goes: “Can’t beat the system/Go with the flow”. On one level, it’s just a boast about how much damage the sound system can inflict. But perhaps there’s a submerged political resonance in there too: amidst the socio-economic deterioration of a Britain well into its second decade of one party rule, where alternatives seem unimaginable, horizons grow ever narrower, and there’s no constructive outlet for anger, what else is there left but to zone out, go with the flow, disappear?

But retreatism is just one side of the rave scene. There’s an inchoate fury in the music that comes out in an urge for total release from constraints, a lust for explosive exhilaration – captured in titles like “Hypergasm”. The Ragga chant of Xenophobia’s “Rush In The House” kicks off “E come alive! E come alive! E come alive!” Ardkore frenzy is where the somnambulist youth of Britain snap out of the living death of the 90s, and grasp a few moments of fugitive bliss. Ardkore seethes with a RAGE TO LIVE, to cram all the intensity absent from a week of drudgery into a few hours of fervour. It’s a quest to reach escape velocity. Speed-freak youth are literally running away from their problems, and who can blame them?